This wiki is an ongoing collaboration between Dr. Caleb Lack and students at the University of Central Oklahoma and Arkansas Tech University. So far, over 300 students have spent eight semesters and thousands of hours in contributing to this wiki. The purpose of this wiki is to offer an alternative to the often quite expensive textbooks used in most undergraduate abnormal psychology courses by creating a user-driven, interactive online text. The wiki covers a larger number of topics than traditional texts, allowing professors and students to focus on their own interests.
Search Results (56)
Love is deeply biological. It pervades every aspect of our lives and has inspired countless works of art. Love also has a profound effect on our mental and physical state. A “broken heart” or a failed relationship can have disastrous effects; bereavement disrupts human physiology and may even precipitate death. Without loving relationships, humans fail to flourish, even if all of their other basic needs are met. As such, love is clearly not “just” an emotion; it is a biological process that is both dynamic and bidirectional in several dimensions. Social interactions between individuals, for example, trigger cognitive and physiological processes that influence emotional and mental states. In turn, these changes influence future social interactions. Similarly, the maintenance of loving relationships requires constant feedback through sensory and cognitive systems; the body seeks love and responds constantly to interactions with loved ones or to the absence of such interactions. The evolutionary principles and ancient hormonal and neural systems that support the beneficial and healing effects of loving relationships are described here.
The human brain is responsible for all behaviors, thoughts, and experiences described in this textbook. This module provides an introductory overview of the brain, including some basic neuroanatomy, and brief descriptions of the neuroscience methods used to study it.
Basic principles of learning are always operating and always influencing human behavior. This module discusses the two most fundamental forms of learning -- classical (Pavlovian) and instrumental (operant) conditioning. Through them, we respectively learn to associate 1) stimuli in the environment, or 2) our own behaviors, with significant events, such as rewards and punishments. The two types of learning have been intensively studied because they have powerful effects on behavior, and because they provide methods that allow scientists to analyze learning processes rigorously. This module describes some of the most important things you need to know about classical and instrumental conditioning, and it illustrates some of the many ways they help us understand normal and disordered behavior in humans. The module concludes by introducing the concept of observational learning, which is a form of learning that is largely distinct from classical and operant conditioning.
Emphasis will be placed upon application of psychological knowledge to daily situations, and upon accessing and assessing information from a variety of sources about behavior. Skills in scientific reasoning and critical thinking will be developed during this course. Areas of psychology to be included are: research methods, neuroscience, human development, perception, consciousness, learning, memory, intelligence, motivation, emotion, personality, psychological disorders, psychotherapy, stress and health, and social psychology.Login: guest_oclPassword: ocl
The Introduction to Psychology course was developed through the Ohio Department of Higher Education OER Innovation Grant. This work was completed and the course was posted in September 2018. The course is part of the Ohio Transfer Module and is also named OSS015. For more information about credit transfer between Ohio colleges and universities please visit: www.ohiohighered.org/transfer.Team LeadVincent Granito Lorain County Community CollegeContent ContributorsNicole Brandt Columbus State Community CollegeLynne Gabriel Lakeland Community CollegeJackie Sample Central Ohio Technical CollegeLibrarianRachel Dilley Columbus State Community CollegeReview TeamMelissa Beers Ohio State UniversityBrian Gerber Stark State College
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on introducing the topic of emotions. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.IntroductionThe chapter on emotion is usually presented with motivation, but for this OER project, it is presented as a separate concept. Most of the chapters in the recommended resources cover much more information then should be presented in an introduction class, so faculty may want to choose what pieces work best. The most comprehensive covering of this topic come from the various chapters in the NOBA project, but to assign all of these to students might be information overload. Faculty will need to pick and choose what sections work best for their approach. Remember that Emotion falls within Pillar 4: Social and Personality, which also includes Social, Personality, Emotion, Multicultural, Gender, and Motivation. Social and Personality are both required topics under the Ohio TAG, so instructors should only plan to add Emotion if time permits.
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on introducing the field of psychology as a science in an Introduction to Psychology course. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.IntroductionThis section covers the topic of gender and sexuality. Gender and Sexuality falls under Pillar 4: Social and Personality. In the Ohio TAG, the topics of Social and Personality are required, which meet the expectation of two topics in this pillar. However, if you have time to include this topic it would not only enhance this Pillar, it is an important enhancement to the cross-cutting themes of Variations in Human Functioning and Social Diversity.If time does not permit covering a separate unit on Sexuality and Gender, these topics can also be folded into other units as supplementary content in Human Development (e.g., the development of gender identity) as well as Motivation (sexual motivation).
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on teaching human development across the life span in an Introduction to Psychology course. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks. According to the TAG, Lifespan Development falls within Pillar 3 (Development) and is a required topic for all Ohio Introduction to Psychology courses, along with Learning. These two chapters meet the APA recommendations for Strengthening General Psychology (Gurung, et al., 2016). In approaching this topic, you may want think about what Learning and Development have in common by emphasizing learning across the lifespan.IntroductionThis section will explore human development across the life span. This section provides an overview of physical development, cognitive development, and socioemotional development from conception to death.
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on instroducting the field of psychology as a science in an Introduction to Psychology course. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.IntroductionThis section will explore intelligence. In line with the APA recommendations and the Ohio TAG, Intelligence falls in Pillar 2 (Cognitive) along with Cognition, Memory, and Perception. Memory is required in Ohio TAG courses, so courses that cover Intelligence in addition to Memory have met the requirement for that pillar. Thus, it may not be necessary to cover Intelligence as a full topic in your course if you already cover Cognition or Perception.
This OER Adoption Guide, sponsored by the Ohio Department of Education, provides teachers of Introduction to Psychology in Ohio with a collection of free, openly accessible online resources for use in your course. The authors of this guide have reviewed and compiled free online readings, resources, and activities for Introduction to Psychology. Further, these resources are aligned with the learning objectives outlined in the Ohio Department of Higher Education’s Transfer Assurance Guides (TAG) for Introduction to Psychology so that they meet the needs of instructors teaching general education courses in the Ohio Transfer Module.
How to Use this Guide This guide provides information and resources on introducing the field of psychology as a science in an Introduction to Psychology course. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.IntroductionThis section covers the topic of language. We will explore how psychologists define language as well as the key components of language. In addition, will describe how language develops.
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on teaching learning concepts in an Introduction to Psychology course. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.According to the TAG, Lifespan Development falls within Pillar 3 (Development) and is a required topic for all Ohio Introduction to Psychology courses, along with Lifespan Development. These two chapters meet the APA recommendations for Strengthening General Psychology (Gurung, et al., 2016).IntroductionThis section introduces students to the basic principles that govern learning. Specifically, students will be introduced to the concepts of classical and operant conditioning.