The Introduction to Sociology Course was developed through the Ohio Department of Higher Education OER Innovation Grant. This work was completed and the course was posted in September 2018. The course is part of the Ohio Transfer Module and is also named OSS021. For more information about credit transfer between Ohio colleges and universities, please visit: www.ohiohighered.org/transfer.Team LeadIrene Petten Columbus State Community CollegeContent Contributors Dee Malcuit Clark State Community CollegeKwaku Oboso-Mensah Lorain County Community CollegeAnjel Stough-Hunter Ohio Dominican UniversityLibrarianSherri Saines Ohio UniversityReview TeamEric Jorrey Central Ohio Technical College
OER Text MaterialUnderstanding Social ChangeTypes of Collective Behavior Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 20.1 & 21.1The first part of the 20.1 section of Sociology defines social change. This text does not discuss other forms of collective behavior. Section 21.1 defines collective behavior and identifies different forms of collective behavior, including types of crowds, protests and riots. This section defines social movements and discusses disasters, rumors, mass hysteria, moral panics, and fads and crazes.
OER Text materialSocial MovementsSociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 21.3.2 addresses ideas of why social movements emerged, including shared discontent, structural strain, relative deprivation, resource mobilization and political opportunity theory.
OER Text materialSocial MovementsIntroduction to Sociology 2e, OpenStax, 21.2.4. This section discusses the stages of a social movement, and other theoretical perspectives on social movements, including a more detailed discussion on framing than tends to be the case. It also provides a limited introduction to new social movement theory.
OER Text materialSocial MovementsSociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 21.3.1This section defines social movements and describes reform, revolutionary, reform, political, reactionary movements, self-help, and religious movements.
OER Text materialPopulation and UrbanizationPopulation Growth and DeclineSociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 19.1 (Population and Urbanization) & 19.2.1 (Population and Growth Decline). 19.1 introduces the population shift in Michigan and provides an overview of consequences that come from population declines. 19.2.1 provides concise definitions of the concepts. It also has a good explanation of population growth, and how demographers use knowledge of the concepts to make predictions about population growth. This section also includes global and U.S. population statistics from 1950 to predictions in 2050.
OER Text materialDemography and PopulationUrbanizationRural LifeIntroduction to Sociology 2e, by OpenStax, 20.1 (Demography and Population) & Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 19.3 (Urbanization) & 19.4 (Rural Life). In section 20.1 of OpenStax, the source reviews population changes in Africa, The United States and Europe, and briefly addresses immigration patterns. Section 19.3 of Sociology addresses the population growth of urbanization and introduces the human ecology school. It describes types of residents in cities and problems that can emerge in urban life including economic problems, overcrowding, housing, pollution, traffic, public education and crime. It identifies a limited number of global urbanization patterns across the globe. The short section on rural living in 19.4 of Sociology provides a limited discussion that contrasts the urban and rural life. It goes into some detail about rural problems with health, education, poverty, and domestic violence.
OER Text materialPopulation Growth and DeclineSociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 19.2.1. This section introduces Mathusian ideas on population growth and the means to sustain that population (i.e. food production). It also provides evidence that the growth Malthus anticipated has not been realized and critiques those who have adopted Malthusian theories as veiled forms of racism in the 1970s. The only alternative theory to Malthusian theory provided is demographic transition theory, which links population growth to technological development. Additionally, this section discusses the declines in birthrates, and policies that encourage women to have more children.