The Civil War 1860-1865

The Civil War 1860-1865

Learning Objectives

  • Identify and describe the factors that led to the Civil War.
  • Explain the reasons Southern states seceded from the Union.
  • Describe the early battles of the Civil War, and explain how they revealed the presumptuousness of both the Confederate and Union sides.
  • Identify and describe the political opposition and challenges to Abraham Lincoln's administration during the Civil War, including the Copperheads and Draft Riots, and explain Lincoln's responses to those challenges.
  • Describe the Battle of Antietam, explaining how President Lincoln was able to use the battle's outcome to justify issuing the Emancipation Proclamation.
  • Identify the turning points of the war that occurred in 1863, and explain how the war's outcome was influenced by these developments.
  • Explain what is meant by the term "total warfare," and describe ho this term applied to the latter years of the Civil War.
  • Describe the circumstances leading Robert E. Lee to surrender teh Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant at Appomatox Court House, and why the Confederacy collapsed soon afterward.
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