Subject:
Sociology
Material Type:
Module
Level:
Community College / Lower Division
Provider:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Tags:
Deviance, Oss0212, Sociology
License:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Education Standards (1)

Discuss changes in the definition of deviance over time

Module Overview

OER Text material

Deviance and Control

Chapter 7, subsection 7.1. In this subsection examples are given of behaviors that were considered deviant some time ago but now considered normal, and vice versa. For example, in some states the use of marijuana which was considered deviants is now considered normal. Throughout the chapter, examples of changes in the definition of deviance are given.

Section 1: Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

Deviance and Conformity (Video)

This presentation is about how the definition of deviance has changed over time, The presenter notes that in the Netherlands, before 2004, smoking on commuter trains was normal behavior. However, since 2004, it is considered a deviant before to smoke on commuter trains. He acknowledges that what is considered deviant is not fixed, rather the definition depends on time and the place we live in

Deviance: Changing Concept, Elements and Forms of Deviance

In this article, Mondal walks us through the changing definition of deviance. He compares definition during pre-industrial era to that of the era of the industrial revolution. Then, he brings in more recent definition of deviance starting with the definition by the sociologist Howard Becker. For Becker, “Social groups create deviance by making the rules whose imposition constitutes deviance, and by applying these rules to particular people and labeling them as outsiders.” Thus, deviance is not a quality of the act the person commits, but rather the consequence of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender.

Deviance and Social Control (Video)

This video explains how society defines and controls deviance. How we define deviance varies over time and differs from society to society. Deviance may lead to change but may also result to social problems like crime. The presenter gives examples of how the definition of deviance has changed over time.

Section 2: Data

Introduction to Sociology/Deviance

Data on recidivism, prison population of US compared to other countries, adult corrections populations by status, rape rates, homicide rates, etc.