Subject:
Sociology
Material Type:
Module
Level:
Community College / Lower Division
Provider:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Tags:
Oss0212, Sociology
License:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Discuss war and terrorism and the impact on domestic and global societies

Module Overview

OER Text Material

Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, Section: 14.5
Limited content provided in section 14.5:
- Distinguish international war and civil war.
- List the major types of terrorism.
- Evaluate the law enforcement and structural-reform approaches for dealing with terrorism.

Section 1: Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

  1. Defining Terrorism – Journal of Military and Veteran’s Health
    Walter Laqueur (5) ​uses the simple, broad definition “terrorism is the illegitimate use of force to achieve a political objective by targeting innocent people”. Tore Bjorgo (6) states “terrorism is a set of methods of combat rather than an identifiable ideology or movement, and involves premeditated use of violence against (primarily) non-combatants in order to achieve a psychological effect of fear on others than the immediate targets.” Fernando Reinares (cited on p.120 in reference 6) distinguishes three traits that define terrorism for the purpose of academic study. Firstly, it is an act of violence that produces widespread disproportionate emotional reactions such as fear and anxiety which are likely to influence attitudes and behaviour. Secondly, the violence is systemic and rather unpredictable and is usually directed against symbolic targets. Thirdly, the violence conveys messages and threats in order to communicate and gain social control.
     
  2. What is Terrorism? Definition, History, Types & Statistics – study.com (video)
     
  3. The Sociology of War – Oxford