Constitutional Change

How many states must ratify an amendment before it becomes law?

  1. all
  2. three-fourths
  3. two-thirds
  4. one-half



What is the Bill of Rights?

  1. first ten amendments to the Constitution that protect individual freedoms
  2. powers given to Congress in Article I of the Constitution
  3. twenty-seven amendments added to the Constitution over the years
  4. document authored by Thomas Jefferson that details the rights of the citizens

What did the Fourteenth Amendment achieve?


The Fourteenth Amendment gave citizenship to African Americans and made all Americans equal before the law regardless of race or color. Over the years it has also been used to require states to guarantee their residents the same protections as those granted by the federal government in the Bill of Rights