Securing Basic Freedoms

Which of the following provisions is not part of the First Amendment?

  1. the right to keep and bear arms
  2. the right to peaceably assemble
  3. the right to free speech
  4. the protection of freedom of religion

The Third Amendment can be thought of as ________.

  1. reinforcing the right to keep and bear arms guaranteed by the Second Amendment
  2. ensuring the right to freedom of the press
  3. forming part of a broader conception of privacy in the home that is also protected by the Second and Fourth Amendments
  4. strengthening the right to a jury trial in criminal cases

Hint:

C

The Fourth Amendment’s requirement for a warrant ________.

  1. applies only to searches of the home
  2. applies only to the seizure of property as evidence
  3. does not protect people who rent or lease property
  4. does not apply when there is a serious risk that evidence will be destroyed before a warrant can be issued

Explain the difference between the establishment clause and the free exercise clause, and explain how these two clauses work together to guarantee religious freedoms.

Hint:

The two clauses together protect religious liberty but from opposite directions. The establishment clause prevents governments from having an official religion (thus giving all religions a chance to flourish), while the free exercise clause clearly empowers individuals to practice as they wish.

Explain the difference between the collective rights and individual rights views of the Second Amendment. Which of these views did the Supreme Court’s decision in District of Columbia v. Heller reflect?