Neo-Freudians: Adler, Erikson, Jung, and Horney

Critical Thinking Questions

Describe the difference between extroverts and introverts in terms of what is energizing to each.


Extroverts are energized by social engagement. Introverts are recharged by solitary time.

Discuss Horney’s perspective on Freud’s concept of penis envy.


Horney disagreed with the Freudian idea that women had penis envy and were jealous of a man’s biological features. Horney discussed that the jealousy was more likely culturally based, due to the greater privileges that males often have, and that differences between men and women’s personalities were cultural, not biologically based. Horney also suggested that men may have womb envy, because men cannot give birth.