What Is Stress?

Review Questions

Negative effects of stress are most likely to be experienced when an event is perceived as ________.

  1. negative, but it is likely to affect one’s friends rather than oneself
  2. challenging
  3. confusing
  4. threatening, and no clear options for dealing with it are apparent

Hint:

D

Between 2006 and 2009, the greatest increases in stress levels were found to occur among ________.

  1. Blacks
  2. those aged 45–64
  3. the unemployed
  4. those without college degrees

Hint:

B

At which stage of Selye’s general adaptation syndrome is a person especially vulnerable to illness?

  1. exhaustion
  2. alarm reaction
  3. fight-or-flight
  4. resistance

Hint:

A

During an encounter judged as stressful, cortisol is released by the ________.

  1. sympathetic nervous system
  2. hypothalamus
  3. pituitary gland
  4. adrenal glands

Hint:

D