American Idealism and Reform 1820-1860

Learning Objectives

  • Describe the various reforms of the Antebellum Era.  What were the key reforms that made Americans more American?
  • Evaluate the social impact of the Second Great Awakening, including its impact on blacks, women and the poor.
  • Analyze how the Second Great Awakening influenced the abolitionist, social reform, and women’s rights movements.
  • Discuss Transcendentalism and the ways it was alike and different from the Second Great Awakening.
  • Compare and contrast the societies that were religious to the communal societies that were seeking a perfect community.
  • How did these communal societies reflect and shape the concept of being an “American”?
  • Are the Mormons a communal society or a religious movement? Why?
  • What were the primary goals of the women’s rights movement until 1840? After 1840?
  • Did the Cult of Domesticity help or hurt the Women’s movement?
  • Explain why prison and mental health reform were closely connected.
  • Describe the Temperance Movement. How did the influx of recent immigrants shape the movement?
  • Describe the key figures of the early Abolitionist Movement.  Were they successful in their efforts?