Approaches to Sociological Research

Section Quiz

A measurement is considered ______­ if it actually measures what it is intended to measure, according to the topic of the study.

  1. reliable
  2. sociological
  3. valid
  4. quantitative

Hint:

C

Sociological studies test relationships in which change in one ______ causes change in another.

  1. test subject
  2. behavior
  3. variable
  4. operational definition

Hint:

C

In a study, a group of ten-year-old boys are fed doughnuts every morning for a week and then weighed to see how much weight they gained. Which factor is the dependent variable?

  1. The doughnuts
  2. The boys
  3. The duration of a week
  4. The weight gained

Hint:

D

Which statement provides the best operational definition of “childhood obesity”?

  1. Children who eat unhealthy foods and spend too much time watching television and playing video games
  2. A distressing trend that can lead to health issues including type 2 diabetes and heart disease
  3. Body weight at least 20 percent higher than a healthy weight for a child of that height
  4. The tendency of children today to weigh more than children of earlier generations

Hint:

C