The basic premise of the Davis-Moore thesis is that the unequal distribution of rewards in social stratification:
- is an outdated mode of societal organization
- is an artificial reflection of society
- serves a purpose in society
- cannot be justified
Unlike Davis and Moore, Melvin Tumin believed that, because of social stratification, some qualified people were _______ higher-level job positions.
- denied the opportunity to obtain
- encouraged to train for
- often fired from
- forced into
Which statement represents stratification from the perspective of symbolic interactionism?
- Men often earn more than women, even working the same job.
- After work, Pat, a janitor, feels more comfortable eating in a truck stop than a French restaurant.
- Doctors earn more money because their job is more highly valued.
- Teachers continue to struggle to keep benefits such as health insurance.
When Karl Marx said workers experience alienation, he meant that workers:
- must labor alone, without companionship
- do not feel connected to their work
- move from one geographical location to another
- have to put forth self-effort to get ahead
Conflict theorists view capitalists as those who:
- are ambitious
- fund social services
- spend money wisely
- get rich while workers stay poor