The Science of Biology

Review Questions

The first forms of life on Earth were ________.

  1. plants
  2. microorganisms
  3. birds
  4. dinosaurs

Hint:

B

A suggested and testable explanation for an event is called a ________.

  1. hypothesis
  2. variable
  3. theory
  4. control

Hint:

A

Which of the following sciences is not considered a natural science?

  1. biology
  2. astronomy
  3. physics
  4. computer science

Hint:

D

The type of logical thinking that uses related observations to arrive at a general conclusion is called ________.

  1. deductive reasoning
  2. the scientific method
  3. hypothesis-based science
  4. inductive reasoning

Hint:

D

The process of ________ helps to ensure that a scientist’s research is original, significant, logical, and thorough.

  1. publication
  2. public speaking
  3. peer review
  4. the scientific method

Hint:

C

A person notices that her houseplants that are regularly exposed to music seem to grow more quickly than those in rooms with no music. As a result, she determines that plants grow better when exposed to music. This example most closely resembles which type of reasoning?

  1. inductive reasoning
  2. deductive reasoning
  3. neither, because no hypothesis was made
  4. both inductive and deductive reasoning

Hint:

A