Material Type:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Oss0212, Social Science, Social Science Research, Sociology
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Media Formats:

Education Standards

Explain the Social Science Research Process


OER Text Material

“Eye on Society: Doing Sociological Research” (Chapter Two)

Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World

Soicology as a Social Science. This section will cover the following:

  • Explain what is meant by saying that sociology is a social science.
  • Describe the difference between a generalization and a law in scientific research.
  • List the sources of knowledge on which people rely for their understanding of social reality and explain why the knowledge gained from these sources may sometimes be faulty.
  • List the basic steps of the scientific method.

General good content for the introduction to the social science research process

Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

Articles/Books on Social Science Research

Explaining the Social Science Research Process

Research Methods

Stages in the Sociological Research Process

The Nature of Social Science Research

Doing Social Research

Approaches to Sociological Research

Video on Social Science Research

Introduction to Social Science Research - Molly Ott

Published June 2, 2016

Video Table of Contents:

  • 00:00 - Introduction to Scientific Inquiry & Social Science Research
  • 00:16 - What is science?
  • 02:40 - Why not just rely on common sense or informal advice? (“naïve theory”)
  • 02:41 - What is science?
  • 07:07 - What is research? 10:03 - Two main methodological paradigms
  • 14:50 - What is deductive reasoning? What is inductive reasoning?
  • 20:13 - Variables
  • 24:37 - Focus of most quantitative research: relationships between variables
  • 28:18 - Research – Practice Gap