Material Type:
Community College / Lower Division, College / Upper Division
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
  • Oss0212
  • Sociology
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    Describe the growth and process of urbanization


    OER Text Material

    The Growth of Cities, and Urbanization in the United States, Section 20.2

    The subsection, “the Growth of Cities” starts with explaining the three prerequisites for the development of a city. Another subsection, Urbanization in the United States, also addresses the learning objective. It is stated that “As more and more opportunities for work appeared in factories, workers left farms (and the rural communities that housed them) to move to the cities” developing urban areas.

    Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

    Urbanization: Society and Culture (Video)

    The presenter starts by stating that urbanization simply means the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. She goes on to compare a rural area to an urban area to show the difference between the two. She uses theories to explain urbanization.

    Urbanization and the Future of Cities (Video)

    The presenter asks and answers the question, “How did we reach such a high degree of urbanization?” She goes on to explain the process of urbanization.

    By 2050, 68% of World Population Will Live in Urban Areas - 2018 World Urbanization Prospects (Video)

    According to a new United Nations data set launched on May 16, 2018, 55 percent of the world’s population lives in urban areas, a proportion that is expected to increase to 68 percent by 2050. According to the report, the growth of the world’s urban population will continue to be driven by two factors, one is the overall growth of the world’s population, which is projected to continue in the coming decades. The other is the continuing shift in place of residence from rural to urban areas. The urban population of the world has grown rapidly from 751 million in 1950 to 4.2 billion in 2018. Asia, despite its relatively lower level of urbanization, is home to 54 percent of the world’s urban population, followed by Europe and Africa with 13 percent each.

    Urbanisation and the Growth of Global Cities (Video)

    Around the world one in every two people now live in urban areas, and this number is predicted to rise to two out of three by 2050. This global trend poses enormous challenges and opportunities for governments and communities, and it’s an area in which private finance will play an increasingly important role.