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Education Standards

Language - Course Map and Recommended Resources


How to Use this Guide 

This guide provides information and resources on introducing the field of psychology as a science in an Introduction to Psychology course.  All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks.


This section covers the topic of language.  We will explore how psychologists define language as well as the key components of language. In addition, will describe how language develops.


Learning Objectives

  1. Define language and basic properties of language (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics)

  2. Explain theories of language development

Cross Cutting Themes



  1. Discuss how language develops in infants.

Variations in Human Functioning

Cultural and Social Diversity

Recommended Resources

Language – OpenStax

This material can be found in the language section of the Thinking and Intelligence chapter of OpenStax.  This material defines language as well as its key components.

Language – OpenStax

This material is found in the language section of the Thinking and Intelligence chapter of OpenStax.  This section discusses how language develops.

Supplemental Resources

Language (Video)

This is CrashCourse video #16 by Hank Green titled “Language”.  It discusses phonemes, morphemes, grammar, receptive and productive language, babbling, and  how we acquire language.

Early Language Development (Video)

This is a goCognitive video by Angela Fried that discusses language development in infants.

How Do We Communicate?: Language in the Brain, Mouth and the Hands

This is a lecture that is part of Introduction to Psychology Open Yale Courses.  Professor Paul Bloom discusses the major components of language. He also describes theories of how language is acquired as well as some similarities across different languages.