Material Type:
Community College / Lower Division, College / Upper Division
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Oss0212, Sociology
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Explain the factors that lead to global inequality.


OER Text Material

Global Stratification and Classification, Section 10.2 

Global Wealth and Poverty, Section 10.2

Factors such as gender inequality, prejudice and discrimination, sexism, and economic hierarchy are used to explain global inequality.

Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

Why Some Countries Are Poor and Others Rich (Video)

In this video, it is noted that there are 196 countries in the world of which 25 are very rich. The
video lists the poorest 20 countries in the world. Explanation is given for the reasons some countries are rich and others are poor. The reason why some countries are rich and others poor depends on many things, including the quality of their institutions, the culture they have, the natural resources they find and what latitude they are on.

Income and Wealth Inequality (Video)

This 10:15 minute video starts by differentiating between wealth inequality and income inequality. The presenters note that there is racial inequality, gender inequality, and other kinds of inequality. North America and Europe with 20% of the world’s populations control 67% of the world’s wealth. The video explains how some countries became wealthy and others poor.

Sociology - 1002 Causes of Global Poverty (Video)

This video is about the causes of global poverty, and explains how the core areas of the world are draining the resources of the other areas of the world. It also deals with the historical and cultural factors that have made some countries poorer.

Prof Joesph Stiglitz: Causes and Consequences of Global Inequality - and What Can Be Done About It (Video)

In this one-hour video, Prof Joesph Stiglitz identifies and explains the causes and consequences of
global Inequality. In addition, he talks about what can be done about global inequality.

Global Inequality in the World

In this article, the authors examine the issue of global inequality, and the overall global wealth
inequality in international relations and international affairs. Specifically, they discuss issues of financial inequality amongst the different people throughout the world. They discuss financial inequality as it relates to income, health, education, access to energy, water, amongst other issues. In addition, they list references related to the topic of global inequality.