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Community College / Lower Division, College / Upper Division
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
  • Oss0212
  • Sociology
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    Identify the consequences of global inequality.


    OER Text Material

    Theoretical Perspectives on Global Stratification

    In this subsection, it is noted that the consequences of poverty are often also the causes. Some of the consequences of global inequality are inadequate healthcare, limited education, and the inaccessibility of birth control. The consequences are divided into three areas. The first, termed “the sedimentation of global inequality,” relates to the fact that once poverty becomes entrenched in an area, it is typically very difficult to reverse. One of the consequences of global inequality is the low level of industrialization in peripheral nations. What they do have often represents the outdated castoffs of core nations or the factories and means of production owned by core nations. The peripheral nations typically have unstable governments, inadequate social programs, and are economically dependent on core nations for jobs and aid. Another consequence of global inequality is that the workers in peripheral countries do not enjoy the same privileges and rights as U.S. workers.

    Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

    Global Poverty and Hunger: Take Action!

    With some statistics, this article shows the scale of global poverty and its devastating effects. For example, 767 million people, or 10.7 percent of the world population live in extreme poverty with less than $1.90 per day. In addition, 328 million children live in extreme poverty. Furthermore, the article lists the number of poor in the regions of Africa, Asia, South America, North America, Oceania, and Europe.

    Global Extreme Poverty

    In this article, Max Roser and Esteban Ortiz-Ospina note that a person is considered to be extremely poverty if they live on less than 1.90 international dollars per day. The article also provides an overview over recent poverty trends country by country.

    Country Comparison: Infant Mortality Rate 

    In this material, the Central Intelligence Agency provides figures on infant mortality rate by country.
    It is arranged from the highest (peripheral countries) infant mortality rate to the lowest (core countries).