Material Type:
Community College / Lower Division
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
  • Fertility Rate
  • Migration
  • Mortality
  • Oss0212
  • Population Size
  • Sociology
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:

    Education Standards

    Explain the concepts of fertility, mortality, and migration, and how they affect population size.


    OER Text material

    Population and Urbanization

    Population Growth and Decline

    Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 19.1 (Population and Urbanization) & 19.2.1 (Population and Growth Decline). 19.1 introduces the population shift in Michigan  and provides an overview of consequences that come from population declines.  19.2.1 provides concise definitions of the concepts. It also has a good explanation of population growth, and how demographers use knowledge of the concepts to make predictions about population growth. This section also includes global and U.S. population statistics from 1950 to predictions in 2050.

    Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

    Population Health: Crash Course Sociology (Video)

    This video focuses on factors that influence population growth and decline. Video Summary: “We’re continuing our unit on health with a discussion of some of the indicators that help us measure health for different populations. We’ll also explore three contributors to health disparities: individual factors like genetics, physical factors like pollution, and social factors like stress.”

    “Middle (Aged) Kingdom" by Deborah Carr

    Contexts Vol. 7, Iss. 3, August 2008, pp. 52-53 (NOTE: Available via OhioLINK). This short article reviews the consequences stemming from China’s one-child policy, including sex imbalance, economic problems and elder care crisis.  

    “U.S. women are postponing motherhood, but not as much as those in most other developed nations” by Gretchen Livingston

    Pew Research Center: FactTank. June 28, 2018. Compares U.S. women with other developed nations to find that on average, women in the U.S. are becoming mothers later, but not as late as other developed nations.  U.S. women are also having more children than women in other developed nations.