Material Type:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
  • Oss0212
  • Population Trends
  • Sociology
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:

    Education Standards

    Explore population trends in the United States and across the globe


    OER Text material

    Demography and Population


    Rural Life

    Introduction to Sociology 2e, by OpenStax, 20.1 (Demography and Population) & Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 19.3 (Urbanization) & 19.4 (Rural Life). In section 20.1 of OpenStax, the source reviews population changes in Africa, The United States and Europe, and briefly addresses immigration patterns.  Section 19.3 of Sociology addresses the population growth of urbanization and introduces the human ecology school. It describes types of residents in cities and problems that can emerge in urban life including economic problems, overcrowding, housing, pollution, traffic, public education and crime.  It identifies a limited number of global urbanization patterns across the globe. The short section on rural living in 19.4 of Sociology provides a limited discussion that contrasts the urban and rural life. It goes into some detail about rural problems with health, education, poverty, and domestic violence.

    Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

    “7 Demographic Trends Shaping the U.S. and the World”

    FactTank: By the Numbers by Anthony Cilluffo and D’Vera Cohn. Pew Research Trust, April 25, 2018. This short article provides a list of key demographic trends as identified by Pew Research Center.

    “New Census Data Shows Differences Between Urban and Rural Populations”

    U.S. Census Bureau, December 8, 2016. The article, infographic and associated tables draw from the American Community Survey to look at population patterns in rural and urban areas, and compares age, income and family composition in both.

    Human Population Growth - Crash Course Ecology (Video)

    Video summary: “If being alive on Earth were a contest, humans would win it hands down. We're like the Michael Phelps of being alive, but with 250,000 times more gold medals. Today Hank is here to tell us the specifics of why and how human population growth has happened over the past hundred and fifty years or so, and how those specifics relate to ecology.”


    WorldPopData published by the Population Reference Bureau

    This site gives students the opportunity to explore current demographic transitions. Written in easy-to-understand terms, this site provides videos, short illustrated research reports, maps to explore population dynamics and interactive charts in which students can select indicators to investigate.