Material Type:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
  • Oss0212
  • Social Movement Emergence
  • Social Movements
  • Sociology
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:

    Education Standards

    Examine theories of social movement emergence


    OER Text material

    Social Movements

    Sociology: Understanding and Changing the Social World, 21.3.2 addresses ideas of why social movements emerged, including shared discontent, structural strain, relative deprivation, resource mobilization and political opportunity theory.

    Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

    Dancing Guy – How to Start a Movement  by Derek Sivers on TED (Video)

    Sivers addresses how movements get started using a fun video of a ‘dancing guy’ who ultimately is joined by others to discuss the characteristics of movements. This video would be useful to generate discussion about movements and to get students thinking about other movement characteristics.

    “Why Social Movements Occur: Theories Of Social Movements”

    The Journal of Knowledge Economy and Knowledge Management, Volume XI: Spring, pp.125-130

    Abstract: “In this study, the emergence of social movements is examined.  To understand why social movements are born (and grow), we looked at the following theories that try to understand the origins  of social movements: deprivation theory; resource mobilization theory; political process theory; structural strain theory; and new social movement  theories. The paper also demonstrated how some of these theories can be used to explain some prominent social movements. Finally, the paper also discussed how social movements are intimately tied up with various forms of adult learning.”

    The 1960s in America: Crash Course (Video)

    Video summary: “In the United States, the 1960s. America was changing rapidly in the 1960s, and rights movements were at the forefront of those changes. Civil Rights were dominant, but the 60s also saw growth in the Women's Movement, the LGBT rights movement, the Latino rights movement, and the American Indian movement. Also, Americans began to pay a bit more attention to the environment. All this change happened against the backdrop of the Cold War and the Rise of Conservatism. It was just wild. John will teach you about sit-ins, Freedom Rides, The March on Washington, MLK, JFK, LBJ, and NOW.”