Material Type:
Ohio Open Ed Collaborative
Oss0212, Social Movements, Sociology
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Media Formats:

Education Standards

Examine theories of social movements


OER Text material

Social Movements

Introduction to Sociology 2e, OpenStax, 21.2.4. This section discusses the stages of a social movement, and other theoretical perspectives on social movements, including a more detailed discussion on framing than tends to be the case.  It also provides a limited introduction to new social movement theory.

Supplementary Material (Videos and Reading)

“The Art of Reframing Political Debates” by Charlotte Ryan and William A. Gamson

Contexts Vol. 5, Iss. 1, February 2006, pp. 13-18 (NOTE: Available via OhioLINK)

Abstract: “Activists cannot build political power simply by framing their message in ways that resonate with broader cultural values. To succeed, framing strategies must be integrated with broader movement-building efforts.”

“From Ferguson to France” by Jean Beaman

Contexts Vol. 14, Iss. 1, February 2015, pp. 65-67 (NOTE: Available via OhioLINK)

Abstract: “Jean Beaman compares the conditions that led to 2005 uprisings in French banlieues and 2014 protests in cities across the U.S.”

“The hashtag #BlackLivesMatter emerges: Social Activism on Twitter” by Monica Anderson and Paul Hitlin

Pew Research Center: Internet & Technology, August 15, 2016

Pew traces the emergence of #BlackLivesMatter, providing data about usage over time and the tone of usage.