This content was created as part of an Ohio Department of Higher Education Innovation Grant to create Open Educational Resources for high enrollment courses. A team of faculty content collaborators, a librarian, and a faculty review team worked together to curate this content and assure that it meets the Transfer Assurance Guidelines for this course. The Pre-Calculus Course Content is designed to help the instructor teach all of the objectives of the course and can be used as a whole or in pieces or modules. The full course is entitled Pre-Calculus Course Content. This work was completed and the courses were posted in September 2019. Please visit ohioopened.org for more information about this initiative.

The Pre-Calculus course was developed through the Ohio Department of Higher Education …

The Pre-Calculus course was developed through the Ohio Department of Higher Education OER Innovation Grant. This work was completed and the course was posted in September 2019. The course is part of the Ohio Transfer Module and is also named TMM002. For more information about credit transfer between Ohio colleges and universities, please visit: www.ohiohighered.org/transfer.Team LeadKameswarrao Casukhela Ohio State University LimaContent ContributorsLuiz Felipe Martins Cleveland State UniversityIeda Rodrigues Cleveland State UniversityTeri Thomas Stark State CollegeLibrarianDaniel Dotson Ohio State University Review TeamAlice Taylor University of Rio GrandeRita Ralph Columbus State Community College

Sine and Cosine Functions - amplitude, period, phase-shift, sinusoidal functions, periodic functionsTMM …

Sine and Cosine Functions - amplitude, period, phase-shift, sinusoidal functions, periodic functionsTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)1. Functions: 1a. Analyze functions. Routine analysis includes discussion of domain, range, zeros, general function behavior (increasing, decreasing, extrema, etc.), as well as periodic characteristics such as period, frequency, phase shift, and amplitude. In addition to performing rote processes, the student can articulate reasons for choosing a particular process, recognize function families and anticipate behavior, and explain the implementation of a process (e.g., why certain real numbers are excluded from the domain of a given function).*

Secant and Cosecant Functions - period, phase-shift, periodic functions, asymptotes, sine function, …

Secant and Cosecant Functions - period, phase-shift, periodic functions, asymptotes, sine function, cosine function, domainTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)1. Functions: 1a. Analyze functions. Routine analysis includes discussion of domain, range, zeros, general function behavior (increasing, decreasing, extrema, etc.), as well as periodic characteristics such as period, frequency, phase shift, and amplitude. In addition to performing rote processes, the student can articulate reasons for choosing a particular process, recognize function families and anticipate behavior, and explain the implementation of a process (e.g., why certain real numbers are excluded from the domain of a given function).*

Tangent and Cotangent Functions - period, phase-shift, periodic functions, asymptotes, sine and …

Tangent and Cotangent Functions - period, phase-shift, periodic functions, asymptotes, sine and cosine functionsTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)1. Functions: 1a. Analyze functions. Routine analysis includes discussion of domain, range, zeros, general function behavior (increasing, decreasing, extrema, etc.), as well as periodic characteristics such as period, frequency, phase shift, and amplitude. In addition to performing rote processes, the student can articulate reasons for choosing a particular process, recognize function families and anticipate behavior, and explain the implementation of a process (e.g., why certain real numbers are excluded from the domain of a given function).*

Inverse Trigonometric Functions - domain, range, graph, one-to-one function, applications, periodic functions TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)1. Functions: 1a. Analyze functions. Routine analysis includes discussion of domain, range, zeros, general function behavior (increasing, decreasing, extrema, etc.), as well as periodic characteristics such as period, frequency, phase shift, and amplitude. In addition to performing rote processes, the student can articulate reasons for choosing a particular process, recognize function families and anticipate behavior, and explain the implementation of a process (e.g., why certain real numbers are excluded from the domain of a given function).*

Sinusoidal function, harmonic motion, periodic functions, applications.TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)1. Functions: 1a. Analyze functions. Routine analysis includes discussion of domain, range, zeros, general function behavior (increasing, decreasing, extrema, etc.), as well as periodic characteristics such as period, frequency, phase shift, and amplitude. In addition to performing rote processes, the student can articulate reasons for choosing a particular process, recognize function families and anticipate behavior, and explain the implementation of a process (e.g., why certain real numbers are excluded from the domain of a given function).*

Law of CosinesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)2c. Analyze general triangles. …

Law of CosinesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)2c. Analyze general triangles. Routine analysis of side lengths and angle measurements using trigonometric ratios/functions, as well as other relationships.*Sample Tasks:The student can solve general triangles using trigonometric ratios and relationships including laws of sine and cosine.The student can compare similar triangles.The student can compute length and angle measurements inside complex drawings involving multiple geometric objects.The student can algebraically describe relationships inside complex drawings involving multiple geometric objects.

Law of SinesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)2c. Analyze general triangles. …

Law of SinesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)2c. Analyze general triangles. Routine analysis of side lengths and angle measurements using trigonometric ratios/functions, as well as other relationships.*Sample Tasks:The student can solve general triangles using trigonometric ratios and relationships including laws of sine and cosine.The student can compare similar triangles.The student can compute length and angle measurements inside complex drawings involving multiple geometric objects.The student can algebraically describe relationships inside complex drawings involving multiple geometric objects.

Trigonometric Equations, trigonometric identitiesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)4c. Become fluent …

Trigonometric Equations, trigonometric identitiesTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)4c. Become fluent with conversions using traditional equivalency families.*(e.g., (sin(𝑡))2+(cos(𝑡))2=1; (tan(𝑡))2+1=(sec(𝑡))2; sums/differences; products; double angle; Euler’s Formula (𝑒𝑖𝜃=cos(𝜃)+𝑖sin(𝜃)); etc.)Sample Tasks:The student can prove trigonometric identities.The student solves trigonometric equations.To solve √cos(4𝑡) = √sin(4𝑡), the student solves cos(4𝑡) =sin(4𝑡) and knows this procedure may result in extraneous solutions.The student solves |cos (2𝜃−3)| + 32 = 2 by rewriting the left-hand side as a piecewise-defined function.The student can rewrite formulas involving multiple occurrences of the variable to formulas involving a single occurrence. Write 𝑎sin(𝑤 𝑡)+𝑏cos(𝑤 𝑡) as 𝐴 sin (𝑤 𝑡+𝐵) or 𝐵 cos (𝑤 𝑡+𝐵). The student can rewrite sums as products to reveal attributes such as zeros, envelopes, and phase interference.The student can solve 2 𝑠𝑖𝑛2(𝑡)+7sin(𝑡)−4=0 on a given interval.The student can solve 𝑙𝑜𝑔4(sin (𝑡))+𝑙𝑜𝑔4(2sin(𝑡)+7)=1 on a given interval.

Vectors - dot product, projection, decomposition of a vectorTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised …

Vectors - dot product, projection, decomposition of a vectorTMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)AdditionalOptional Learning Outcomes:2. Geometry: The successful Precalculus student can:2e. Interpret the result of vector computations geometrically and within the confines of a particular applied context (e.g., forces).Sample Tasks:The student can define vectors, their arithmetic, their representation, and interpretations.The student can decompose vectors into normal and parallel components.The student can interpret the result of a vector computation as a change in location in the plane or as the net force acting on an object.

Vectors - magnitude, direction, component form, trigonometric form, unit vector, algebra of …

Vectors - magnitude, direction, component form, trigonometric form, unit vector, algebra of vectors, applications,TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)AdditionalOptional Learning Outcomes:2. Geometry: The successful Precalculus student can:2e. Interpret the result of vector computations geometrically and within the confines of a particular applied context (e.g., forces).Sample Tasks:The student can define vectors, their arithmetic, their representation, and interpretations.The student can decompose vectors into normal and parallel components.The student can interpret the result of a vector computation as a change in location in the plane or as the net force acting on an object.

TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)3. Equations and Inequalities: 3a. …

TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)3. Equations and Inequalities: 3a. Recognize function families as they appear in equations and inequalities and choose an appropriate solution methodology for a particular equation or inequality, as well as communicate reasons for that choice.*

TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)3. Equations and Inequalities: 3f. …

TMM 002 PRECALCULUS (Revised March 21, 2017)3. Equations and Inequalities: 3f. Solve systems of equations using substitution and/or elimination.*

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