What Is Industrial and Organizational Psychology?

Critical Thinking Questions

What societal and management attitudes might have caused organizational psychology to develop later than industrial psychology?

Hint:

Answers will vary. The student should allude to the fact that organizational psychology finds social relations of employees important and that historically workers were thought of more as individual machines rather than a social group.

Many of the examples of I-O psychology are applications to businesses. Name four different non-business contexts that I-O psychology could impact?

Hint:

Answers will vary. The student should identify organizations that are dedicated to accomplishing specific tasks, in the general sense. Examples are hospitals, non-profit organizations, government agencies (including the military), law enforcement, universities, schools, and so on.