The Introduction to Psychology course was developed through the Ohio Department of Higher Education OER Innovation Grant. This work was completed and the course was posted in September 2018. The course is part of the Ohio Transfer Module and is also named OSS015. For more information about credit transfer between Ohio colleges and universities please visit: www.ohiohighered.org/transfer.Team LeadVincent Granito Lorain County Community CollegeContent ContributorsNicole Brandt Columbus State Community CollegeLynne Gabriel Lakeland Community CollegeJackie Sample Central Ohio Technical CollegeLibrarianRachel Dilley Columbus State Community CollegeReview TeamMelissa Beers Ohio State UniversityBryan Gerber Stark State College
How to Use this GuideThis guide provides information and resources on introducing the different research methods that have been used in the field of psychology. All resources are Open Access and can be downloaded or added to a Course Management System (LMS) via the hyperlinks. IntroductionOne of the key takeaways from the Introduction to Psychology class should be that psychology is a science. Our discipline can be distinguished from pseudo-science or common sense through the various research approaches in the field. The instructor should provide a survey of the different methods, including examples and strengths and weaknesses to each approach.
Introduction to Sociology 2e adheres to the scope and sequence of a typical, one-semester introductory sociology course. It offers comprehensive coverage of core concepts, foundational scholars, and emerging theories, which are supported by a wealth of engaging learning materials. The textbook presents detailed section reviews with rich questions, discussions that help students apply their knowledge, and features that draw learners into the discipline in meaningful ways. The second edition retains the book’s conceptual organization, aligning to most courses, and has been significantly updated to reflect the latest research and provide examples most relevant to today’s students. In order to help instructors transition to the revised version, the 2e changes are described within the preface.
Define and describe the scientific method
Explain how the scientific method is used in sociological research
Understand the function and importance of an interpretive framework
Define what reliability and validity mean in a research study
By the end of this section, you will be able to:
Explain what a correlation coefficient tells us about the relationship between variables
Recognize that correlation does not indicate a cause-and-effect relationship between variables
Discuss our tendency to look for relationships between variables that do not really exist
Explain random sampling and assignment of participants into experimental and control groups
Discuss how experimenter or participant bias could affect the results of an experiment
Identify independent and dependent variables
1). Identify the sampling method used in a study and discuss its implications and potential limitations.
2). Critically evaluate the reliability and validity of results published in mainstream media.
3). Summarize and describe the distribution of a categorical variable in context.